Narendra Damodardas modi is the 14th and current Prime Minister of India, in office since 26 May 2014. Modi a leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), was the chief minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014 and is the Member of Parliament from Varanasi. He led the BJP in 2014 general election, which gave the party a majority in the Lok Sabha for the first time since 1984 general election.
Childhood and Education
Narendra Modi was born on 17 septemper 1950 to a family of grocers in Vadnagar, Mehsana district, Bombay State (present day Gujarat). He was the third of six children born to Damodardas mulchand Modi and Hiraben Modi. Modi’s family belong to the Modh-ghanchi (oil- presser) community, which is categorized as an Other Backward Class by the Indian Government.
As a child, Modi helped his father for selling tea at the Vadnagar railway station, and later ran a tea stall with his brother near a bus terminal. Modi completed his higher school Secondary education in Vadnagar in 1967. Where a teacher described him as an average students and keen debater.
Entering into RSS
At age eight, Modi discovered the Rashtriya Swayamsevak sangh (RSS), and began attending its local shakhas (training sessions). There, Modi met Lakshmanrao inamdar, popularly known as Vakil Saheb, who inducted him as a balswayamsevak (junior cadet) for RSS and become his political mentor. While Modi was training with the RSS, he also met Vasant Gajendragadkar and Nathalal Jaghda, Bharatiya Jana Sangh leaders who founding members of the BJP’s Gujarat unit in 1980.
Engaged while still a child to a local girl, Jashodaben modi, Modi rejected the arranged marriage at the same time he graduated from high school. The resulting familial tension contributed to his decision to leave home in 1967.
Reaching the Belur Math in the early summer of 1968 and being turned away. Modi wandered through Culcutta, West Bangal and Assam, Stopping by Siliguri and Guwahat. Modi then went to the Ramakrishna Ashram in Almora, where he was again rejected. Modi returned to Vadnagar for a brief visit before leaving again for Ahemdabad. There, Modi lived with his uncle, working in the latter’s canteen at the Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation.
Chief Minister of Gujarat
In 2001, Patel’s health was failing and the BJP has lost seats in the by-elections. Allegations of abuse of power, corruption and poor administration were made, and Patel’s standing had been damaged by his administration’s handling of the 2001 Bhuj earthquake. The BJP national leadership sought a new candidate of chief minister, and Modi (who had expressed misgiving about Patel’s administration) was chosen as a replacement. Although Advani did not want to ostracize Patel and was concerned about Modi’s lack of experience in government, Modi declined an offer to be Patel’s deputy chief minister and told Advani and Atal Bihari he was going to be fully responsible for Gujarat or not at all. On 3 October 2001 he replaced Patel as Chief Minister of Gujarat with the responsibility of preparing the BJP for the December 2002 elections.
Prime Minister of India (2014-present)
On 31 March 2013 Modi was appointed to the BJP Parliamentary board, the highest decision-making body in the party and at a meeting of the party’s national executive on 9 June, he was appointed chair of the BJP’s central election Campaign committee for the 2014 general election. BJP founding member L. K Advani resigned his party posts after the appointment, citing concern with leaders who were “concerned with their personal agendas” his resignation,
During the campaign, Modi focused on the corruption scandals under the previous INC government and played on his image as a politician who had created a high rate of GDP growth in Gujarat.
Modi was sworn in as Prime Minister of India first time on 26 may 2014- present at the Rashtrapati Bhavan. He was the first to invite all South Asian Association for regional cooperation leaders to attend his swearing-in ceremony. He started a monthly radio program titled “Mann ki Baat” on 3 October 2014. He repealed 1,159 obsolete laws in first two years as compared to 1,301 such laws repealed by his preceding governments over a span on 64 years.
Recognition and Awards
Modi was named Best Chief Minister in a 2007 nationwide survey by India Today. Forbes Magazine ranked him the 15th most powerful person in the world in 2014 and 9th most powerful person in the world in 2015.
In 2015, Modi was one of TIME’s “30 most Influential people on the internet “as the second most followed politician on Twitter and Facebook.